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Date: 2001-01-12

US: Die Cyber-Crime Statistik des DOJ


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q/depesche 00.10.12/2

US: Cyber-Crime Richtlinien des DOJ

Neue Guidelines für Polizei und Strafverfolger über den Zugriff auf
Information Handhelds bei Kontrollen, sowie den Umgang mit so
genannten No-Knock Searches.

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Relayed by declan@wired.com
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2:00 a.m. Jan. 12, 2001 PST WASHINGTON -- Ever wonder how
much leeway federal agents have when snooping through your e-mail
or computer files?

The short answer: a lot.

The U.S. Department of Justice this week published new guidelines
for police and prosecutors in cases involving computer crimes.

The 500 KB document includes a bevy of recent court cases and
covers new topics such as encryption, PDAs and secret searches.

It updates a 1994 manual, which the Electronic Privacy Information
Center had to file a Freedom of Information Act request to obtain. No
need to take such drastic steps this time: The Justice Department
has placed the report on its cybercrime.gov site.

PAGERS VS. PDAs: Anyone who's arrested will likely be patted
down for guns, contraband and electronic devices.

So be sure to yank the batteries if you're about to be nabbed. During
an arrest, cops can scroll through the information on your pager
without a warrant.

What about PDAs? The latest word, oddly enough, might be a 1973
Supreme Court case, United States v. Robinson, that permitted
police officers to conduct searches of an arrestee's possessions.
Lower courts have extended this rule to include pagers.

But PDAs more closely resemble computers in processing speed
and storage capacity.

Concludes the DOJ: "Courts have not yet addressed whether
Robinson will permit warrantless searches of electronic storage
devices that contain more information than pagers. If agents can
examine the contents of wallets, address books and briefcases
without a warrant, it could be argued that they should be able to
search their electronic counterparts (such as electronic organizers,
floppy disks and Palm Pilots) as well."

Not everyone agrees that an arrest can lead to a full search. "The
search incident to arrest is less settled," says Jennifer Granick, a
San Francisco attorney specializing in computer crime law.

[...]

"NO KNOCK" SEARCHES: Conservative activists may hate this, but
"no knock" searches, where Kevlar-clad goons toting M-16s break
through your front door without warning, aren't going away. If
anything, the Justice Department seems to think they're even more
necessary when dealing with computer crimes.

"Technically adept computer hackers have been known to use 'hot
keys,' computer programs that destroy evidence when a special
button is pressed. If agents knock at the door to announce their
search, the suspect can simply press the button and activate the
program to destroy the evidence," the manual says.

It doesn't end there: The Justice Department cites a 1997 case,
Richards v. Wisconsin, in which the Supreme Court said agents can
conduct a no knock search even if the judge granting the warrant
didn't approve one. That's allowed when agents have a "reasonable
suspicion" that the subject of the search could destroy evidence or
obstruct the investigation.

Das Dokument
http://www.cybercrime.gov/searchmanual.htm

Full Story
http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,41133,00.html



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edited by Harkank
published on: 2001-01-12
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