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Date: 2000-11-21

"Cyber-Crime" - Abkommen: Neuentwurf heute

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Laut attachiertem Bericht soll die Neuauflage des Cyber-
Crime Abkommens ab heute auf dem Server des Europarats
ver/fügbar sein. Wenn, dann steht sie in der Nähe dieses

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The 41-nation Council of Europe (COE) is expected to post
the latest draft of the treaty on its Web site Tuesday, a
representative for the Strasbourg, France-based council said.
The council has been hastily redrafting the treaty after
Internet lobby groups labeled it as a possible human-rights
threat and as a way for the police authority of national
governments to be improperly extended.

Legal advisers for the council are issuing a new draft of the
treaty that clarifies passages that led to the earlier concerns
and what they see as serious misunderstandings of what the
treaty actually sets out to do, the representative said.
Although the United States is not a member of the COE,
U.S. representatives have been observing the process and
advising the members along the way.

Since 1997, the council has been working on a treaty to
standardize laws against online pornography, hacking, fraud,
viruses and other Internet criminal activity and has been
trying to develop common methods of securing evidence to
track and prosecute criminals.

"We have not made any major changes to the substance of
the treaty," said Peter Csonka, the deputy head of the COE's
economic crime division, which is overseeing the drafting
process. "We were surprised about the violence of the
comments and criticism, so we went back and made the
next draft more understandable."

Meeting in closed sessions last week were representatives of
14 members of the COE, as well as observers from the
United States, Canada, Japan and South Africa.
A number of groups criticized articles in the treaty that called
for countries to pass legislation that would empower
authorities and ISPs to collect, record or monitor electronic
communications through the "application of technical means"
during criminal investigations.

"Specifically, we object to provisions that will require Internet
service providers to retain records regarding the activities of
their customers," the Global Internet Liberty Campaign wrote
in a letter to the COE and posted on its Web site. "These
provisions pose a significant risk to the privacy and human
rights of Internet users and are at odds with well-established
principles of data protection such as the Data Protection
Directive of the European Union."

Similar communications transaction information has been
used in the past to identify dissidents and to persecute
minorities, the Liberty Campaign said.

The controversy surrounding the treaty proposal may delay
its passage and implementation and could risk its eventual
approval in other countries, said John Murphy, a law
professor at Villanova University in Pennsylvania.
However, the COE's Csonka said there is plenty of time to
work out further disagreements and concerns about the
treaty and said he remains confident that it will help shape
international law.

His group of legal advisers has one more crack at the draft in
mid-December before it goes to the Assembly of the Council
of Europe for approval in January. It is not expected to be
endorsed by the council before mid-2001, and then it will be
proposed to individual nations.

Full Text

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World-Information Forum
24 11 2000 Technisches Museum Wien
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edited by Harkank
published on: 2000-11-21
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