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Date: 2002-11-28

CN : Amnesty prangert IT-Firmen an

Amnesty International beschuldigt in einem aktuellen Bericht Firmen wie Microsoft, Sun und Cisco, die chinesische Regierung bei der Zensur und Überwachung des Internets zu unterstützen.
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"Foreign companies, including Websense and Sun Microsystems, Cisco Systems, Nortel Networks and Microsoft have reportedly provided important technology which helps the Chinese authorities censor the Internet. Nortel Networks along with some other international firms are reported to be providing China with the technology which will help it shift from filtering content at the international gateway level to filtering content of individual computers, in homes, Internet cafes, universities and businesses."

Die chinesische Regierung hat bereits Suchmaschinen wie Yahoo! und Google
aufgefordert, ihre Inhalte für chinesische Benutzer zu filtern.

"U.S.-based Web search engines have also felt pressure from the Chinese government. China blocked Google for several weeks in August and blocked AltaVista in September. Web portal Yahoo has defended its decision to sign an agreement to comply with regulations requiring the monitoring and restriction of "harmful" information. Yahoo said it signed the agreement out of compliance with local laws, adding it would not sign any laws that extend beyond current limits of censorship."

Mittlerweile gibt es Ansätze, der chinesischen Bevölkerung ungefilterte Inhalte zugänglich zu machen, etwa das Open Source-Projekt Peekabooty :

"The goal of the Peekabooty Project is to create a product that can bypass the nation-wide censorship of the World Wide Web practiced by many countries.

The free, easy and quick exchange of information possible on the Internet is seen as a threat by governments in countries where a free press and freedom of expression are not considered to the parts of their people's rights. Such a government would have two options. The first would be to completely ban use of the Internet. This is an impractical measure, as it would close off that country to business opportunities and technological innovation. The preferred option is to make use of filtering computers and software - called firewalls in technological parlance - that make only those Web pages approved by the government available to their citizens. "

Links :

http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/ASA170072002?OpenDocument&of=COUNTRIES\CHINA
http://news.com.com/2100-1023-975517.html
http://derstandard.at/standard.asp?id=1145546
http://www.peek-a-booty.org

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edited by kingmob
published on: 2002-11-28
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