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Date: 2001-07-14

AU: Cybercrime wird Gesetz


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q/depesche 01.7.14./1

AU: Cybercrime wird Gesetz

Wieder einmal wird die australische Regierung ihrem Ruf gerecht,
ezessive und überbreite Online-Gesetze einzubringen, schreibt
Greg Taylor von Electronic Frontiers Australia. Diesmal sind es die
Cybercrime-Entwürfe, die auf euro/amerikanischen Mist gewachsen
sind. Armes Australien, das du begannst als europäische
Sträflingskolonie.

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Greg Taylor <gtaylor@gil.com.au> via cyber-rights-
UK@mail.cyber-rights.org Date sent: Sat, 14 Jul 2001 21:47:42
+1000
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The Australian government seems intent on maintaining its
reputation for implementing excessive and overbroad online laws.
Its latest effort is Cybercrime Bill 2001, which implements the
substantive law provisions of Articles 2-6 of the CoE Convention,
and the search and seizure provisions of Article 19. (The
implementation of the more invasive law enforcement provisions of
the CoE Convention is also under consideration by a Parliamentary
Committee).

The resemblance of provisions in the Bill to the CoE Convention is
no mere coincidence. The Bill implements section 4.2 of the
Model Criminal Code (MCC) which was released in January 2001.
The MCC report states that its recommendations are based on the
draft CoE Convention (as at December 2000). They've even
included the ridiculous "possession of data with intent" provision of
Article 6.1.b.

A Senate Committee is currently conducting a routine legislative
scrutiny inquiry into the Bill. The Committee will no doubt be
swamped with supportive submissions from law enforcement
agencies. EFA and other groups are doing as much as possible to
promote opposition to the Bill. If anyone is in a position to lodge a
submission with the inquiry (however brief), this would support our
campaign.

More info at: Senate Legal and Constitutional Legislation
Committee Inquiry into the Provisions of the Cybercrime Bill 2001.

http://www.aph.gov.au/senate/committee/legcon_ctte/cybercrimebill01/cybercrime.htm

I've included some additional information below. Note particularly
the law enforcement provision, which implements CoE Article 19.4
(requiring release of encryption keys or decryption of data, contrary
to the privilege of self-incrimination).


Greg Taylor Electronic Frontiers Australia www.efa.org.au

----------------------------------------------------

Australian Model Criminal Code. (Refer Chapter 4 - Damage and
Computer Offences - Report. January 2001)
http://www.law.gov.au/publications/Model_Criminal_Code/index.htm

The offences covered (implemented in the Bill as s.477.1 to 478.4
of the Criminal Code Act) are: - Unauthorised access, modification
or impairment to commit a serious offence - Unauthorised
modification of data to cause impairment - Unauthorised
impairment of electronic communications. - Possession of data
with intent to commit computer offence (described as "akin to the
more familiar offences of 'going equipped for stealing' or possession
of an offensive weapon"). - Supply of data with intent to commit a
computer offence - Unauthorised access to restricted data. -
Unauthorised impairment of data held in a computer disk, credit
card, etc.

Law Enforcement provision of the Bill (implemented as an
amendment to Crimes Act) s.3LA Person with knowledge of a
computer or a computer system to assist access etc. (1) The
executing officer may apply to a magistrate for an order requiring a
specified person to provide any information or assistance that is
reasonable and necessary to allow the officer to do one or more of
the following: (a) access data held in, or accessible from, a
computer that is on warrant premises; (b) copy the data to a data
storage device; (c) convert the data into documentary form. (2) The
magistrate may grant the order if the magistrate is satisfied that:
(a) there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that evidential
material is held in, or is accessible from, the computer, and (b) the
specified person is: (i) reasonably suspected of having committed
the offence stated in the relevant warrant; or (ii) the owner or lessee
of the computer; or (iii) an employee of the owner or lessee of the
computer; and (c) the specified person has knowledge of: (i) the
computer or a computer network of which the computer forms a
part; or (ii) measures applied to protect data held in, or accessible
from, the computer. (3) the person commits an offence if the
person fails to comply with the order. Penalty: 6 months
imprisonment




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edited by Harkank
published on: 2001-07-14
comments to office@quintessenz.at
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